Omega-3 fatty acids (omega-3s) are a kind of fat that are found both in the human body and in foods, especially seafood and shellfish. The types of omega-3s found in the body differ. The most abundant in the brain is called Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA). This type of omega-3 is important for brain and eye development and function throughout life. It is also beneficial for heart health. Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) is another type of omega-3 fatty acid that is important for overall health, but unlike DHA, the body does not store EPA in large amounts. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/omega3/introduction.htm#hed2
Omega-3 fatty acids are among the most studied nutrients. Supplements have been shown to significantly reduce blood triglycerides. These are also a type a fat that are found within the blood but high levels of may raise the risk of coronary artery disease. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22113870
Omega-3s importance for brain health, especially DHA, is why they may benefit individuals with psychological and psychiatric conditions. They have also been shown to possibly reduce the risk of developing certain kinds of cancers. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15570047/
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